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Pear tree

krystalli or Tsakoniko

Krystalli
Krystalli

Conduct of the tree: It is very vigorous, with standing branches and productive. Its vividness is not easily controlled so the use of ultra nano-dwarf rootstocks of quince tree is suggested, of course only where the land conditons are favourable.

Fruit: Slight yellow during the ripenning process, aromatic, particularly tasty, it is not preserved nicely, at least for the time being. It ripens in August.

Other characteristics: It coordinates well with all the quince tree rootstocks.

 

Kontoula and alterations/ Hubrids

Kontoula & Hydrids
Kontoula & Hydrids

Conduct of the tree: Quite vivid with standing branches. It grows thorns while on early plantation, which makes the spacing out and the picking fruit of the tree difficult. Depending on the hybrid used, the bark of the branches can be from reddish (on the 7/9 Kalliope) to slightly grey-green (on the traditional kontoula).

Fruit: Relatively small in size, although its shape varies depending on the kontoula type. The traditional kontoula, Korinth kontoula and the 7/9 hybrid have slanded succulent pedicel, while kontoula 1/6,1/7,2/7 have a pearshaped form with straight pedicel. They are tasty pears so it's of no surprise the good impression they have made on people.

Other characteristics: It is very sensitive to bacterial burning.

 

Santa Maria

Santa Maria
Santa Maria

Conduct of the tree: Not a very vigorous variety. Nevertheless it is very productive with remarkable endurance of the fruit while being on the tree. Brown- green in bark colour and on its annual germination, it is frequently mistaken with that of the Krystalli variety. It coordinates well with many rootstocks of the quince tree.

Fruit: Of yellow colour, shiny with pedicel. It is not very tasty but it is juicy. It ripens approximately on 20th July.

 

Coscia precose

Coscia precose
Coscia precose

Conduct of the tree: Not vigorous. It is extra productive, but due to its ability to form many fruitage organs and to preserve its flower for many days, it is considered as one of the best pole vaulters for all the pear varieties. It is grafted mostly to vivid rootstocks of quince tree like E.M.A. and BA29.

Fruit: Relatively small in size, of yellow colour, juicy and fairly tasty. Nevertheless, it can not be preserved for a long time. It ripens approximately on the 15th July.

 

Abate Fetel

Abate Fetel
Abate Fetel

Conduct of the tree: It is quite vigorous, with standing branches. It coordinates only with the Adams quince tree.

Fruit: Large, pearshaped (bell-shaped ), tasty with stone texture. It can be preserved very well. It appears rust, though, in humid regions.

Other characteristics: Peculiarities occur during fruition. It does not bear fruit easily. Appropriate pole vaulter is the Coscia variety. Supportive fructication spraying is required, during the blossom period as to bear fruit more succesfully. It is a variety sensitive to the iron discolouration.

 

Williams

Williams
Williams

Conduct of the tree: Of medium vigor with rear branches. Ploblems in coordination with most quince tree rootstocks arise. Its grafting with the inbetween grafting, is recommended, or to OHF rootstocks and particularly to OHF40 (Farold 40).

Fruit: Of medium size, green - nonetheless, when derived from a tree with inbetween grafting its size is very large. It is fairly tasty and juicy. It is commonly used in the production of canned fruit but also for consuming purposes.

Other characteristics: It is the third most popular variety on the European scale. Its red variation bears the name Red Bartlett.  

 

Highland

Highland
Highland

Conduct of the tree: Vivid with brown-reddish bark colour mostly on the annual spouts that additionally have white speckles. It does not coordinate well with the quince tree rootstocks, as previously seen in Williams.

Fruit: Green- yellowish  in colour, very big, very tasty with great preservation capacity.

Other characteristics: It has been used as a pole vaulter to the Williams variety in Greece. It is not a very popular variety in Europe. It has started to spread widely in Greece over the past years, with new plantings, mainly because there is a lack in winter pears and it can be preserved without particular problems. 

 

Conference

Conference
Conference

Conduct of the tree: Quite vigorous with tendencies to develop rear branches. The colour of the bark branches is brown and it is very productive.It does not coordinate with the rootstock quince tree C.

Fruit: Pearshaped with long neck on areas where there are low temperatures during blossom period. Rust can be created on the biggest part of the fruit. Crunchy, extra tasty and juicy, with great preservation capacity, too.

Other characteristics: Its flower can resist well on low temperatures. Parthenocarpy is occured frequently. Large seedless fruit. Its ability to resist on the bacterial burning, is its basic advantage. It is prefered in wet and cool areas. Hot climates would be advised to be avoided. The use of anti hail nets is deneficial for its cultivation in Greece. In European scale, it is the most popular variety with 800.000 tone production.

 


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