Evaluation of the planting methods and opinions
Bearing in mind the fact that in Greece the average land ownership is small, the cultivator should make good use of the LAND. Consequently, the 1000m2 of land should be cultivated as to produce the result of the best possible quality, in the shortest possible period of time, having of course the lowest production cost. For example, in a 10 quarter acre (stremma) farm, in which we have decided to plant apple trees of the Red Cap variety, our suggestion is the following:
Planting method: Fuseto. Saplings: Formed oblique. Space between plants 3,5x 1,25 : 230 trees per quarter acre (stremma). Rootstock : M26. Pole vaulter: Golden Smoothee. Application of anti- hail protection with black nets. Use of Bayco material for the tree support -4 lines. Irrigation with drops or with sprayer. Total cost, approximately, 2640€ per quarter acre (stremma). ELGA subsidy 1250€ per quarter acre (stremma) for the anti hail protection.
Total expenses: roughly 1400 euros for the farm deployment.
Performance : 1st year : 3 apples per tree.
175 kgr/ (stremma) quarter acre x 0,55 = 96€
2nd year: 15 apples per tree
900 kgr/ (stremma) quarter acre x 0,55 = 495€
3rd year : 30 apples per tree
1800 kgr / (stremma) quarter acre x 0,55 = 990€
4th, 5th, 6th year 50 apples per tree
2875 kgr/ (stremma) quarter acre x 0,55 = 1581€
The above prices per kgr are only an indication but closely approach the average. We notice that from the 4th year of the farm the depreciation is almost apparent, while in the linear palmetta method from the 4th year we notice the visible sighs of fruit bearing and the existance ofan income. The two most important advantages of the first two methods (cypress-fuseto,cord- kordoni) are :
low production cost, farm supplies, labour
the uniformity and the stable production
the commercial flexability, meaning the possibility to produce fruit of a variety that is requested in the market, in a short period of time. It has been mentioned that all the varieties have a certain time expendancy in the trade world, with visible up and downs on prices- resulting to a farm of 20 years to make profit the 8-10 years only. The intensive farms have the ability to produce in a short time, profiting from the market needs.